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Kolektivna iskustva mladih u periodu političkih nestabilnosti i promene okvira kolektivne identifikacije na prostoru bivše Jugoslavije

dc.creatorVasović, Mirjana
dc.creatorGligorijević, Milena
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-02T11:48:39Z
dc.date.available2021-04-02T11:48:39Z
dc.date.issued2008
dc.identifier.issn0085-6320
dc.identifier.urihttp://rfpn.fpn.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/155
dc.description.abstractthis study we illustrate and comparatively analyze collective - geopolitical - identifications of Former Yugoslav citizens in the context of a specific process of political transition that took place in its territory. The research into the breadth and character of this kind of group belonging has a great theoretical importance in predicting the development of specific intergroup attitudes (perception of other groups that inhabit the same social territory) and, notably, intergroup relations. The study looks into geo-political affiliations (the sense of belonging to different geo-political communities) of the same generation cohort (the subjects who were between 32 and 38 years old at the time of the research) whose members were born in different historical periods and whose political socialization took place in different social and political circumstances. The direct aim of the secondary analysis of the data collected in two Former Yugoslav citizens' attitudes researches conducted in two different periods of Yugoslavia's transition - the very beginning, in 1990 and recently, in 2006 - was to establish the basic characteristics and possible changes in their geo-political affiliations, in terms of range and intensity. The analysis has shown that in the beginning of the transition (in the first period observed) there was a greater geo-political affiliation differentiation within each subject, but that the majority still preferred Yugoslav nationality. The young from Slovenia and Kosovo represent paradigmatic exceptions that manifest a dramatic decrease in collective identification awareness even at this early stage. This growing trend which, in terms of psychology, represented a transition from the national and civil to ethnic-territorial model of collective identification, gradually takes over the consciousness of the citizens in all new-formed national countries. At the same time, the structure becomes more uniform. The factor analysis based on the 2006 data statistically verified the existence of a dimension we named a parish in contrast to cosmopolitan belonging. The point is that there is a bipolar factor, with regional and national sense of belonging on its negative, and belonging to Former Yugoslavia, to Europe and the world in general on its positive pole. The resulting factor scores showed that the subjects from different geo-political communities of Former Yugoslav territory belonging to the same generation are characterized by a different collective identification framework breadth, i.e. they are positioned on different poles of the local-mondial dimension. This positioning corresponds more with specific trends of political socialization (socialization effect) of separate segments of the Former Yugoslav youth than with the further, common, collective historical experiences (period effect) of the generation in general.en
dc.description.abstractU ovom radu prikazujemo i komparativno analiziramo kolektivne (geo-političke) identifikacije stanovnika bivše Jugoslavije u kontekstu osobenog procesa političke tranzicije koji se odvijao na njenim prostorima. Rad se bavi geo-političkim afilijacijama (osećanjem pripadništva različitim geo-političkim zajednicama) iste generacijske kohorte (ispitanici koji su u vreme sprovođenja istraživanja imali između 32 i 38. godina starosti) čiji su članovi rođeni u različitim istorijskim periodima i čija se politička socijalizacija odigravala u drugačijim društvenim i političkim okolnostima. Sekundarna analiza podataka iz dva istraživanja sprovedenih u dva različita perioda jugoslovenske tranzicije - na samom njenom početku, 1990. i nedavno, 2006. - imala je za cilj utvrđivanje osnovnih karakteristika i eventualnih promena njihovih geo-političkih afilijacija, u obimu i intenzitetu. Rezultati sprovedene analize pokazali su da je na početku tranzicije postojala veća diferenciranost strukture geopolitičkih afilijacija unutar svakog uzorka, ali da je većina ispitanika još uvek primarni značaj prida- vala osećanju pripadnosti Jugoslaviji. Petnaest godina kasnije, struktura geopolitičkih afilijacija postaje uniformnija. Promena čiji psihološki smisao predstavlja prelazak sa nadnacionalnog i građanskog na etničko-teritorijalni model kolektivne identifikacije, postepeno prevladava u svesti građana svih novoformiranih nacionalnih država. Faktorska analiza sprovedena na podacima iz 2006., statistički je verifikovala postojanje dimenzije koju smo nazvali parohijalna nasuprot kosmopolitskoj pripadnosti. Reč je o bipolarnom faktoru čiji negativan pol čine regionalna pripadnost i pripadnost državi, dok se na pozitivnom polu grupišu pripadnost bivšoj Jugoslaviji, pripadnost Evropi i svetu u celini. Dobijeni faktorski skorovi pokazali su da iste generacije ispitanika iz različitih geo-političkih zajednica s teritorije bivše Jugoslavije karakteriše različita širina okvira kolektivnih identifikacija tj. da se oni pozicioniraju na različitim polovima dimenzije lokalno-mondijalno. Ovo pozicioniranje korespondira pre sa osobenim trendovima političke socijalizacije (efekat socijalizacije) pojedinih segmenata omladine bivše Jugoslavije nego sa njihovim kasnijim, zajedničkim, kolektivnim istorijskim iskustvima (efektom perioda) generacije u celini.sr
dc.publisherSociološko društvo Srbije, Beograd
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/
dc.sourceSociološki pregled
dc.subjectCollective identificationsen
dc.subjectgeo-political identificationsen
dc.subjectpolitical socializationen
dc.subjectformer Yugoslaviaen
dc.subjectparish - mondialen
dc.subjecttransitionen
dc.subjectKolektivne identifikacijesr
dc.subjectgeo-političke afilijacijesr
dc.subjectpolitička socijalizacijasr
dc.subjectbivša Jugoslavijasr
dc.subjectparohijalno - mondijalnosr
dc.subjecttranzicijasr
dc.titleCollective experiences of the young's through the period of political instabilities and the changes within the framework of collective identification in the territory of former Yugoslaviaen
dc.titleKolektivna iskustva mladih u periodu političkih nestabilnosti i promene okvira kolektivne identifikacije na prostoru bivše Jugoslavijesr
dc.typearticle
dc.rights.licenseBY-SA
dc.citation.epage530
dc.citation.issue4
dc.citation.other42(4): 509-530
dc.citation.spage509
dc.citation.volume42
dc.identifier.doi10.5937/socpreg0804509V
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://rfpn.fpn.bg.ac.rs/bitstream/id/44/152.pdf
dc.identifier.rcubconv_260
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion


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