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Pravosudna kontrola u Evropskoj uniji - procesna legitimacija države članice

dc.creatorKnežević-Predić, Vesna
dc.creatorRadivojević, Zoran
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-02T12:14:31Z
dc.date.available2021-04-02T12:14:31Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.issn0350-8501
dc.identifier.urihttp://rfpn.fpn.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/553
dc.description.abstractThe distinctive character of the European Union (EU) is indisputable. May it be denoted as a supranational or as a sui generis organization (which is a preferred designation of the European Court of Justice), it is considered to be the result of particular features pertaining to the competences, structure and decision making-process of the EU. It is a truism that other international intergovernmental organizations do share some or all of these features. Almost all of them have at least one institution which is obliged to act independently of the member states; at least some of their decisions are rendered by majority voting, at least some of which are legally binding. What makes the EU truly and genuinely a unique phenomenon in the field of inter-state organization is a strong and independent judicial system, established to 'ensure that in the interpretation and application of this treaty the law is observed'. In effect, it implies establishing a strong and independent judicial system able to enforce the EU law against all those who are under its domain and, above all, to enforce it against the EU Member States. In order to enable the European Court of Justice (the Court of Justice, the General Court and specialized courts) to perform this duty, the Court has been conferred a range of specific powers under the provisions of the Treaty on the European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union in particular. The Court is empowered to declare that a Member State has failed to comply with its obligation under the Treaties. The founding fathers of the EU designed three different procedures leading to that effect. The first one has proved to be fairly effective; on the grounds of an action brought by the Commission, it enables the Court to adjudge whether a Member State did comply with its obligations stemming from the EU law. The next one provides légitimation active for the other Member State but it has been very rarely used in the whole history of EU integration and can hardly be considered effective. The last one, possibly the most effective in terms of the accomplishment of the Court's paramount goal, enables the Court to respond to questions referred to the Court by national courts about the effect of EU law in cases pending before the national courts. Having in mind that the procedure before the Court is just part of the litigation proceeding pending in the national court, in this analysis we will set aside the preliminary ruling procedure and focus on the so-called direct actions: Commission v. Member state, and Member State v. Member State. In this paper, we will also focus on Member State's légitimation active versus EU institutions. The founding treaties provide for the procedures that enable Member States to initiate judicial review of the EU institution compliance with EU law. The action for annulment, the action for failure to act, and the claims relating to compensation for damage caused by the EU institutions or its civil servants in performance of their duties proved to be effective tools for keeping the EU institutions within the limits of competences coffered upon them by the Treaties. In view of the extensive legislative powers which the Treaties have vested in political institutions and given the fact that their scope has been a matter of great controversy, légitimation active of a Member State has proved to be an important element of a sophisticated and balanced system of judicial control.en
dc.description.abstractOsobeni karakter Evropske unije danas više niko ne dovodi u pitanje. Bez obzira na to da li se naziva supranacionalnom ili sui generis organizacijom, ono što Uniju čini jedinstvenom pojavom u oblasti međudržavnog organizovanja jeste snažan i nezavistan sistem pravosudne kontrole uspostavljen sa ciljem da se'obezbedi poštovanje prava u tumačenju i primeni' osnivačkih ugovora. U njegovom središtu nalazi se Sud pravde kome osnivački ugovori poveravaju niz posebnih ovlašćenja. Sud je pre svega ovlašćen da presudi da li je država članica propustila da izvrši obaveze koje proističu iz Ugovora. Tvorci Unije su stvorili nekoliko postupka koji vode tom cilju. Prvi omogućava Sudu da po tužbi Komisije presudi da li je država članica poštovala obaveze koje proističu iz prava EU. Sledeći, koji je tokom čitave istorije evropskih integracija krajnje retko upotrebljavan, dodeljuje aktivnu legitimaciju drugoj državi članici. Treći postupak, koji ovom prilikom ostavljamo po strani, ovlašćuje Sud da odgovori na pitanja koja su mu postavili nacionalni sudovi o učincima prava EU na postupke koji se vode pred njima. Pored slučajeva kada se država članica pojavljuje pred Sudom kao pasivno legitimisana strana, osnivački ugovori propisuju nekoliko postupakau kojima se državama članicama omogućava da pokrenu pravosudnu kontrolu poštovanja prava EU od strane njenih institucija. Tom prilikom državama članicama kao aktivnolegitimisanim subjektima stoje na raspolaganju tri vrste pravnih sredstava koje mogu podneti Sudu. To su tužba za poništaj, tužba zbog propuštanja i tužba za naknadu štete koju su prouzrokovale institucije EU ili njihovi službenici u vršenju svojih ovlašćenja.sr
dc.publisherUniverzitet u Nišu - Pravni fakultet, Niš
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Basic Research (BR or ON)/179079/RS//
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/
dc.sourceZbornik radova Pravnog fakulteta u Nišu
dc.subjectjudicial controlen
dc.subjectstandingen
dc.subjectlégitimation activeen
dc.subjectmember statesen
dc.subjectEuropean Unionen
dc.subjectCourt of justiceen
dc.subjectdirect actionsen
dc.subjectannulementen
dc.subjectfailureen
dc.subjectcompensation for damageen
dc.subjectpravosudna kontrolasr
dc.subjectprocesna legitimacijasr
dc.subjectaktivna legitimacijasr
dc.subjectdržave članicesr
dc.subjectEvropska unijesr
dc.subjectSud pravdesr
dc.subjectdirektne tužbesr
dc.subjectponištajsr
dc.subjectpropuštanjesr
dc.subjectnaknada štetesr
dc.titleJudicial control in the European Union: Standing of a member stateen
dc.titlePravosudna kontrola u Evropskoj uniji - procesna legitimacija države članicesr
dc.typearticle
dc.rights.licenseBY-SA
dc.citation.epage111
dc.citation.issue74
dc.citation.other55(74): 91-111
dc.citation.rankM51
dc.citation.spage91
dc.citation.volume55
dc.identifier.doi10.5937/zrpfni1674091K
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://rfpn.fpn.bg.ac.rs/bitstream/id/363/550.pdf
dc.identifier.rcubconv_345
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion


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