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Interesne grupe

dc.creatorOrlović, Slaviša
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-02T12:20:03Z
dc.date.available2021-04-02T12:20:03Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.issn1820-6700
dc.identifier.urihttp://rfpn.fpn.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/636
dc.description.abstractIn this paper I discuss the concept of interest groups - the term, the types, the ways they operate, their relations with other actors and their significance for democracy. An interest group is any organized actor with an aim to influence shaping of public policy. Different theories explain interest groups (pluralism, Marxism, elitism and corporatism). The relations among interest groups are relations of power, they accompany power and unmistakably know where the centers of power are. The operation of interest groups depends on the extent to which they are organized, the kind of resources they dispose of, the kind of aims they are trying to attain and whom they represent. The advantages in the work of interest groups are that some important tasks can be performed faster and more efficiently, that they imprint real relations on society, that they often articulate certain interests in a more systematic way, that they offer solutions that are frequently a check on the government and that they enable shortcuts for faster making of decisions and creation of policies. The disadvantages are that they pursue narrower rather than broader interests, that they influence policy without having obtained a mandate to do so from the citizens, often lacking both legality and legitimacy and in a manner which is non-transparent. There is no agreement about whether interest groups sustain or undermine democracy. In this paper I discuss Olson's 'logic of collective action' and its criticism. With the process of democratization and consolidation of institutions, the power of informal groups declines and becomes more formal and the process of policy-making becomes more transparent. The power of interest groups and powerful groups is weakened in the process of democratization.en
dc.description.abstractU ovom radu razmatram koncept interesnih grupa - pojam, vrste, načine delovanja i odnose sa drugim akterima i njihov značaj za demokratiju. Interesna grupa je svaki organizovani akter koji ima za cilj da utiče na oblikovanje javne politike. Različite teorije objašnjavaju interesne grupe (pluralistički, marksistički, elitistički i korporativni pristup). Odnosi među interesnim grupama su odnosi moći, one slede moć i nepogrešivo znaju gde su sedišta moći. Delovanje interesnih grupa zavisi od toga koliko su organizovane, kakvim resursima raspolažu, kakve ciljeve žele da postignu i koga zastupaju. Prednosti u delovanju interesnih grupa su što se pojedini važni poslovi mogu ubrzati i efikasnije obaviti, što nameću nekakav realan odnos u društvu, što često na sistematičniji način artikulišu određene interese, nude rešenja kojima bivaju korektiv vlastima i omogućavaju prečice da se brže donose odluke i kreira politika. Nedostaci su što nastoje da ostvare uži a ne širi interes, utiču na politiku bez mandata od strane građana, često i bez legaliteta i bez legitimiteta i netransparentno. Ne postoji saglasnost oko toga da li interesne grupe održavaju ili potkopavaju demokratiju. U tekstu se bavim Olsonovom "Logikom kolektivnog delovanja" i kritikama. Procesom demokratizacije i konsolidacije institucija opadaju neformalne grupe i postaju formalnije, proces kreiranja politike postaje transparentniji. Moć grupa i moćne grupe slabe procesom demokratizacije.sr
dc.publisherUniverzitet u Beogradu - Fakultet političkih nauka, Beograd
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.sourceGodišnjak Fakulteta političkih nauka
dc.subjectinterest groupsen
dc.subjectlobbyingen
dc.subjectcollective actionen
dc.subjectpoweren
dc.subjectdemocracyen
dc.subjectinteresne grupesr
dc.subjectlobiranjesr
dc.subjectkolektivno delovanjesr
dc.subjectmoćsr
dc.subjectdemokratijasr
dc.titleInterest groupsen
dc.titleInteresne grupesr
dc.typearticle
dc.rights.licenseARR
dc.citation.epage34
dc.citation.issue17
dc.citation.other11(17): 9-34
dc.citation.rankM51
dc.citation.spage9
dc.citation.volume11
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://rfpn.fpn.bg.ac.rs/bitstream/id/433/633.pdf
dc.identifier.rcubconv_1142
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion


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