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dc.creatorBešić, Miloš Lj.
dc.creatorBešić, Miloš Lj.
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-02T12:25:42Z
dc.date.available2021-04-02T12:25:42Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.issn0038-982X
dc.identifier.urihttp://rfpn.fpn.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/720
dc.description.abstractIn this paper, we present a longitudinal research study examining ethnic distance in Montenegro. The research is based on measuring ethnic distance at two points in time: in 2013 and 2018. This research was carried out using the nine-level Bogardus social distance scale. There are some important notions con-sidering the significance of measuring ethnic distance in Montenegro. First, this is a multi-ethnic country where Montene-grins, as the main ethnic group, have a relatively small majority. Second, this was the last country to leave former Yugosla-via, gaining independence in 2006. Third, the main political and social cleavage in this society is based on ethnicity. Fourth, there has been no change in the ruling elite of Montenegro since the beginning of the transition from socialism to liberal democracy. The main hypothetical argument re-garding the expected changes in inter-ethnic distancing is, therefore, political. During the process of gaining independ-ence, there was an informal alliance among Montenegrins and non-Serbian minorities, since Serbs as an ethnic group wanted Montenegro to remain in a com-mon state with Serbia. This caused clear and pronounced political division in Mon-tenegrin society. Of course, this kind of social cleavage has historical precedents in the Balkans. Prior to the independence issue, which was raised in the late 1990s, Montenegrins and Serbs, as the combined ethnic majori-ty, were in favour of Serbia and Montene-gro remaining united. However, after gaining independence, Serbs, who had been a majority in their own country, suddenly become a minority in Montene-gro. Since almost any politics in the Balkans is ethno-politics, we examined inter-ethnic distance across two reference periods in order to identify the trends in inter-ethnic distancing. The results showed that the overall inter-ethnic distance in Montene-gro increased during that five-year period. We argue that the temporary alliance between Montenegrins and non-Serbian minorities resulted in good inter-ethnic relations among these groups, while they were striving to achieve a common politi-cal goal. However, after independence was achieved, it was to be expected that inter-ethnic relations would deteriorate. We provide evidence to support this thesis. The results of our research show that overall inter-ethnic distance increased in the five-year period surveyed. In partic-ular, we saw a dramatic increase in the ethnic distancing of Albanians away from all other groups. In addition, ethnic Bosni-ans are distancing themselves from Mon-tenegrins and Serbs more so than they were in 2013. On the other hand, we found that there was no change in ethnic distancing be-tween Montenegrins and Serbs. Addition-ally, item analysis showed that the dis-tance between Montenegrins and Serbs is very small, and is not in fact an issue of ethnicity, but rather one of politics. This was evidenced by the fact that the only sensitive issue between Serbs and Monte-negrins was for a member of the other ethnicity "to have a leadership position in my country". In all other regards, we measured a low inter-ethnic distance be-tween Serbs and Montenegrins. We conclude that increase in ethnic dis-tance is caused by political variables and overall regional context. As Montenegro is a multi-ethnic country, the deterioration of ethnic relations could seriously jeopard-ize the country's overall political stability.en
dc.publisherInstitut društvenih nauka - Centar za demografska istraživanja, Beograd
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.sourceStanovnistvo
dc.subjectBogardus scaleen
dc.subjectEthnic distanceen
dc.subjectMontenegroen
dc.subjectRegression analysisen
dc.subjectSocial cleavageen
dc.titleEthnic distance in montenegro 10 years after gaining independence [Etnička distanca u Crnoj Gori deset godina nakon sticanja nezavisnosti]en
dc.typearticle
dc.rights.licenseBY-NC
dc.citation.epage25
dc.citation.issue1
dc.citation.other57(1): 1-25
dc.citation.rankM24
dc.citation.spage1
dc.citation.volume57
dc.identifier.doi10.2298/STNV190226002B
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://rfpn.fpn.bg.ac.rs/bitstream/id/503/717.pdf
dc.identifier.rcubconv_1462
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-85078433772
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion


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